USA

Guide to Employment in USA

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flag USA Public Holiday

  • New Year's Day

    01 Jan

  • Martin Luther King, Jr. Day

    15 Jan

  • State Holiday

    19 Jan

  • Lincoln's Birthday

    12 Feb

Exchange Rate

June 23, 03:58 UTC

USD

Wage

Minimum Wages

  • Federal statutory minimum hourly wage: approximately $7.25 USD (CNY48.45)



    Each state has a state minimum hourly wage, such as
    California: $15.50 per hour,

    New York: $14.20 per hour.

    Florida: $11.00 per hour

    Michigan: $9.87 per hour.

    North Carolina, $7.25 per hour

    Texas, $7.25 per hour

Median Salary

Annual

University graduates first year: 52,600 USD (375,724 RMB)

General professional with 5 years of experience: $92,452 (673,485 RMB)

General professionals with 10 years of experience: $115,888 (844,209 RMB) Annual growth rate of remuneration: 3% - 5%

JOB LEVEL MONTHLY SALARY
(USD)
University Graduates
First Year
4,383.33
5 years
Of Experience
7,704.33
10 years
Of Experience
9,657.33

Annual Salary Growth

3% - 5%

STATUTORY CONTRIBUTION

Current contribution rates

CONTRIBUTION TYPE EMPLOYER
AMOUNT
EMPLOYEE
AMOUNT
APPLICABLE
TO
Social security (OASDI) 6.2% Contributions to the annual salary ceiling of $168,600 6.2% Contributions to the annual salary ceiling of $168,600 ALL
Medical insurance (Medicare) 1.45% - 1.45% - ALL
Federal Unemployment Tax (FUTA): 0.6% of wages, up to the FUTA wage base of paying it on the first $7,000 of wages paid in 2023. $7,000 x 6% = $420 Contribution to annual salary ceiling of 160,200 0.6% of wages, up to the FUTA wage base of paying it on the first $7,000 of wages paid in 2023. $7,000 x 6% = $420 ALL

OTHER BENEFIT

Depend on state below are the most common

  • Unemployment insurance (SUI)

    Employer contribution: Tax-rated employers pay a percentage of the first $7,000 of wages paid to each employee in a calendar year. The UI rate schedule and amount of taxable wages are determined annually. New employers pay 3.4 percent (.034) for a period of two to three years. The employer is responsible for paying the entire UI tax.

  • Workers' compensation Insurance: (Mandatory for most employers in all states but Texas)

    Texas Workers' compensation insurance is not mandatory, but employers are still liable for work-related injuries and illnesses.


  • Disability Insurance (SDI)

    Employer contribution: The employer is responsible for paying half of the SDI tax, and the employee is responsible for paying the other half. The SDI tax rate is 1.1 percent of all wages up to the SDI taxable wage limit of $128,298 for 2024.

    Employee contribution: Employees pay half of the SDI tax, which is 0.55 percent of all wages up to the SDI taxable wage limit of $128,298 for 2024.

  • Other allowances

    Health Dental Vision Insurance Contribution/ Allowance

    Retirement plans 401k/ Roth IRA (1-4% Employer Match)

    Transportation Mileage Reimbursement / Car allowance (Workers who travel for work)

    Cell Phone/ Internet Allowance (remote workers)

INCOME TAX

U.S. citizens and residents: U.S. citizens and residents are required to file U.S. tax returns regardless of where they live or where their income comes from.

Income Tax

TAXABLE INCOME TAX RATE
0 - $23,200 10%
$23,201 - $94,300 12%
$94,301 - $201,050 22%
$201,051 - $531,900 24%
$531,901 - $1,063,800 32%
$1,063,801 - $2,127,600 35%
Over $2,127,600 37%

Non-residents: Non-residents are subject to a flat 30% tax rate on most types of U.S. source income, unless a lower rate is provided by a tax treaty.

WORKING HOURS

Statutory

up to

40 Weekly hours

No federal law sets a universal standard for working hours. Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)Which applies to non-exempt employees Statutory Hours common practice is working more 40 hours in a 7-day workweek

Typical Practice

40 work week hours

8 hours work day, 5 days a week

OVERTIME

Overtime

Unless exempt, employees in the United States are entitled to overtime pay for working more than 40 hours per week.

Overtime pay: at least 1.5 times the employee's regular rate of pay.



Daily Overtime: After 8 hours in a workday 1.5 times regular pay,

Weekly Overtime: After 40 hours in a workweek 1.5 times regular pa

Double Overtime: After 12 hours in a workday and for all hours worked on the seventh consecutive day in a workweek 2 times regular pay,

EMPLOYMENT CONTRACT

Employment Contract

Most common Contract type is at-will employment contract is an agreement between an employer and an employee in which either party can terminate the employment relationship at any time, for any reason or no reason at all.

  • At-will employment
  • Fixed-term employment
  • Independent contractor agreement
  • Commission-only agreements
  • Piecework agreements

Termination

There is no federal law that requires employers to provide notice to employees before terminating their employment. Common Practice: two weeks' notice

1-2 years: 1-2 weeks of pay per year of service.

3-5 years: 2-3 weeks of pay per year of service.

6-10 years: 3-4 weeks of pay per year of service.

11+ years: 4+ weeks of pay per year of service.

PUBLIC HOLIDAY

Paid Public Holidays

11

Every year

11 Federal Public Holiday days every year.

Additionally, many states and localities observe additional holidays that are not recognized at the federal level. When a public holiday falls on a non-working day, there is a day observed.

If employees work on a public holiday, they should be paid additional wages or given time off in lieu.

  • New Year's Day (January 1).
    Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr. (Third Monday in January).
    Washington's Birthday (Third Monday in February).
    Memorial Day (Last Monday in May).
    Juneteenth (June 19).
    Independence Day (July 4).
    Labor Day (First Monday in September).
    Columbus Day (Second Monday in October).
    Veterans Day (November 11).
    Thanksgiving Day (Fourth Thursday in November).
    Christmas Day (December 25).

LEAVE

Annual Leave

Paid Sick Leave (PSL)

Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA)

Federal Employees Parental Leave Act (FEPLA):

Paternity Leave

Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA):

LEAVE TYPE ENTITLEMENT AMOUNT APPLICABLE TO
Annual Leave

Minimum 7 days, up to 14 days after each completed year. Working days? Vacation Days & 4 days can carry over onto next year if not used
After 3 months of employment.

Paid Sick Leave (PSL) No federal Law but by State in California

24 hours or 3 days per year for both part-time and full-time employees

Employees also accrue at least one hour of sick leave for every 30 hours worked.
After 90-days employment period.
Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) 12 weeks of unpaid Job-protected leave for the birth, adoption, or placement of a child, or to care for a sick family member.



Eligibility

After 1 year employment



Should also have 1,250 hours for the employer during the 12-month period.
Federal Employees Parental Leave Act (FEPLA): 2 weeks of paid parental leave Leave for the birth, adoption, or placement of a child for any parent including surrogacy.

Eligibility Federal employee: Be a civilian employee of the federal government.
Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA): <Up to 5 years



Ensures reemployment rights for service members who have been absent for military service for up to five years.

Prohibits employers from discriminating against employees based on their military service.

Requires employers to provide employees with up to 15 days of paid leave each year for military training or duty.

Provides service members with certain benefits, such as health insurance continuation and pension accrual, while they are on active duty.
People serving in the military or reserve, who are called duty, deployment, or training.

REFERENCE

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USA Public Holiday 2024

  • New Year's Day

    01 Jan

  • Martin Luther King, Jr. Day

    15 Jan

  • State Holiday

    19 Jan

  • Lincoln's Birthday

    12 Feb

  • State Holiday

    13 Feb

  • George Washington's Birthday

    19 Feb

  • State Holiday

    02 Mar

  • Town Meeting Day

    05 Mar

  • Evacuation Day

    17 Mar - 18 Mar

  • State Holiday

    25 Mar

  • State Holiday

    29 Mar

  • César Chávez Day

    31 Mar

  • Patriot's Day

    15 Apr

  • State Holiday

    21 Apr

  • State Holiday

    22 Apr

  • Confederate Memorial Day

    10 May

  • Memorial Day

    27 May

  • State Holiday

    03 Jun

  • Juneteenth

    19 Jun

  • Independence Day

    04 Jul

  • Bennington Battle Day

    16 Aug

  • State Holiday

    27 Aug

  • Labor Day

    02 Sep

  • Columbus Day

    14 Oct

  • Alaska Day

    18 Oct

  • Nevada Day

    25 Oct

  • State Holiday

    05 Nov

  • Veterans Day

    11 Nov

  • Thanksgiving Day

    28 Nov

  • Day after Thanksgiving Day

    29 Nov

  • State Holiday

    24 Dec

  • Christmas Day

    25 Dec

  • Day after Christmas

    26 Dec